The American Civil War saw cavalry tactics move largely away from the offensive towards the defensive, with the emphasis on scouting, raiding and screening. Development of the rifled musket had also rendered the cavalry charge both impractical and detrimental.

In the first half of the war, the Confederates enjoyed the advantage in cavalry, as southern men were more accustomed to the riding and shooting life, and most of the experienced cavalry officers from the regular army had chosen to side with the Confederacy.

Mounted Cavalry Photo Gallery